Patient/subject: Prandial status may have some effect on concentrations of riboflavin, but has no effect on FMN.
Matrix: Riboflavin and FMN are most stable in EDTA plasma.
Volume: Minimum volume is 60 µL, but 200 µL is optimal and allows reanalysis.
Preparation and stability: The plasma fraction must be separated from the blood cells, preferentially within 30 minutes. Samples should be put on ice, and protected from light. Riboflavin is light sensitive. In serum, citrate plasma or heparin plasma, FMN is converted to riboflavin. Measurement of the sum of riboflavin plus FMN is an option in samples that have not been adequately treated.
Reported values (riboflavin/FMN): 5-100/3-30 nmol/L.
Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (riboflavin/FMN): 0.79 /0.69.
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