loader image

Bevital AS

Methods

Multianalyte determination is carried out in a single aliquot. Volume requirement is independent of the number of metabolites. ”Reported values” are not strictly ”normal reference range”, which depends on the population, and several factors, including age, gender, ethnicity and procedures for sample handling and analytical technology. ”Reported values” are concentrations that we and others have observed or reported for serum/plasma in various cohorts. The metabolites are grouped into classes.

BEVITAL platforms A – I

TCA metabolites and intermediates. Short-chain fatty acids.
GC-MS/MS: 50-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as µmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrix
CitrateCitTricarboxylic acid31190-200s, p
IsocitrateiCitTricarboxylic acid11982-22s, p, csf
α-KetoglutarateaKGKeto acid512-40s, p, csf
FumarateFumDicarboxylic acid4449720.5-4s, p, csf
MalateMalβ-Hydroxy acid5252-21s, p, csf
PyruvatePyrα-Keto acid106080-160s, p, csf
LactateLacα-Hydroxy acid612500-1600s, p, csf
FormateFrmShort-chain fatty acid2848-100s, p, csf
AcetateAceShort-chain fatty acid175-17680-300s, p
PropionateProShort-chain fatty acid10421-13s, p
ButyrateButShort-chain fatty acid2641-30s, p
IsobutyrateiButShort-chain fatty acid65900.7-6s, p, csf
ValerateVlrShort-chain fatty acid79910.2-1s, p
IsovalerateiVlrShort-chain fatty acid104300.3-3s, p
α-MethylbutyrateaMBShort-chain fatty acid83140.3-3s, p

Amino- and carboxylic acids.
GC-MS/MS:  50-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as µmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixMethod
Methylmalonic acidMMACarboxylic acid487<0.260.032.430.81s, p, u
Total homocysteinetHcySulfur amino acid915525-150.11.42.70.72s, p, u
Total cysteinetCysSulfur amino acid5862150-35050120.62s, p, u
MethionineMetEssential amino acid613718-5012.24.10.33s, p, u
SerineSerPolar amino acid595195-12551.31.70.71s, p, u
GlycineGlyHydrophobic amino acid750200-30031.31.70.81s, p, u
CystathionineCystaThioether439258<0.40.022.32.90.63s, p, u
Sarcosine*SarcMethylated amino acid10880.7-2.30.0351.31.60.68s, p, u
HistidineHisEssential amino acid627450-100123nas, p, u
TryptophanTrpEssential aromatic amino acid630540-900.11.62.60.51s, p, u
KynurenineKynTrp metabolite1611661.0-3.00.121.92.30.68s, p, u
OrnithineOrnCharged amino acid626230-9012.22.7s, p, u
Aspartic acidAspCharged amino acid59600-260.51.84s, p, u
Glutamic acidGluCharged amino acid3303220-1400.51.72.7s, p, u
LysineLysEssential amino acid5962120-2901.21.41.9s, p, u
AlanineAlaHydrophobic amino acid5950230-51011.21.4s, p, u
PhenylalaninePheEssential aromatic amino acid614026-850.51.53s, p, u
IsoleucineIleEssential BCAA**630640-1400.51.51.8s, p, u
LeucineLeuEssential BCAA**610670-1700.53.44s, p, u
ProlineProHydrophobic amino acid145742110-3600.52.83.7s, p, u
ValineValEssential BCAA**6287150-3500.52.22.7s, p, u
AsparagineAsnPolar amino acid626720-1300.633s, p, u
GlutamineGlnPolar amino acid5961390-700102.12.7s, p, u
ThreonineThrEssential amino acid628870-2401.22.43.3s, p, u
TyrosineTyrAromatic amino acid605740-1100.52.12.8s, p, u
α-Hydroxyglutaric acidaHGα-Hydroxy acid430.15-2s, p, u
3-Hydroxyisobutyrate3HIBVal metabolite44087315-2532.42.9s, p, u
2-HydroxybutyrateaHBα-Hydroxy acid1126610-6031.72.3s, p
3-HydroxybutyratebHBKeton body44120-70031.93.4s, p
AcetoacetateAcAcKeton body9610-2005s, p
CarboxymethyllysineCMLan AGE***1238000.05-0.30.03s, p
CarboxyethyllysineCELan AGE***234007790.05-0.40.03s, p
2-Aminoadipic acid2AAALys metabolite4690.3-1.8s, p
β-AminoisobutyrateBAIBAVal metabolite649560.3-2.0s, p
β-AlaninebAlaβ-Amino acid2390.5-10s, p
3-HydroxykynurenineHKTrp metabolite11811u
Kynurenic acidKATrp metabolite3845u
Anthranilic acidAATrp metabolite227u
Xanthurenic acidXATrp metabolite5699u
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acidHAATrp metabolite86u

*Sarcosine cannot be measured in EDTA-tubes from some suppliers because of the presence of sarcosine in these tubes; **BCAA, Branched chain amino acid; ***AGE, Advanced glycation end product. 

Choline derivatives. Charged, methylated or sulfur amino acids. Short- and medium-chain acylcarnitines.
LC-MS/MS: 50-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as µmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixMethod
CholineCholQuarternary ammonium3055-150.52.83.20.36s, p, u
Choline, total*tCholCholine esters2000-3000500s, p
Trimethylamine N-oxideTMAOAmine oxide11450.5-600.144.1<0.38s, p, u
BetaineBetMethylated amino acid24720-600.53.84.50.65s, p, u
DimethylglycineDMGMethylated amino acid6731.5–50.255.55.90.64s, p, u
Total homocysteinetHcyAmino acid915526-200.1120.72s, p, u
CreatineCrnα-Amino acid58610-10013.94nas, p, u
CreatinineCreatα-Amino acid58850-1000.252.63.10.79s, p, u
MethionineMetEssential amino acid613718-5014.14.50.33s, p
Methionine sulfoxideMetSoPolar amino acid1589800.5-50.067.17.90.36s, p
Total cysteinetCysSulfur amino acid5862150-4000.1260.56s, p
HistidineHisEssential amino acid627450-1000.253.53.8nas, p
3-Methylhistidine3-MHAmino acid921052.7-100.64.44.9nas, p, u
1-Methylhistidine1-MHAmino acid649690.5-150.253.73.9nas, p, u
CitrullineCtnAmino acid975010-6047-86-9nas, p
ArginineArgCharged amino acid632240-1000.252.630.53s, p
Asymmetric dimethylarginineADMAGuanidinated amino acid1238310.4-0.80.085.25.50.53s, p
Symmetric dimethylarginineSDMAGuanidinated amino acid1691480.4-0.90.084.85.20.62s, p
HomoargininehArgGuanidinated amino acid90851-60.15.860.65s, p
TrimethyllysineTMLMethylated amino acid4401210.3-20.244.40.15s, p
ButyrobetaineBBQuarternary ammonium7250.4-20.2s, p
CarnitineC0Carnitine28820-800.50.69s, p
Carnitine, total**tC0Carnitines30-900.5s, p
AcetylcarnitineC2Acylcarnitine70457673-150.10.63s, p
PropionylcarnitineC3Acylcarnitine1077380.2-1.50.050.62s, p
ButyrylcarnitineC4Acylcarnitine2131440.1-0.50.012s, p
IsovalerylcarnitineiC5Acylcarnitine64268510.06-0.20.050.68s, p
GlutarylcarnitineC5DCAcylcarnitine71464488< 0.050.01s, p
HexanoylcarnitineC6Acylcarnitine64268530.01-1.20.01s, p
OctanoylcarnitineC8Acylcarnitine1237010.06-0.30.050.41s, p
DecanoylcarnitineC10Acylcarnitine102451900.2-10.02s, p
DodecanoylcarnitineC12Acylcarnitine168381< 0.40.02s, p

*Measured in a separate assay after sample treatment with phospholipase D that does not affect the other metabolites of platform C, which are obtainable; **Measured in a separate assay involving alkaline hydrolysis of acylcarnitines.

Kynurenine pathway and B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B6).
LC-MS/MS: 60-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as µmol/L or nmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixMethod
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphatePLPB6 vitamer105115–150 nmol//L0.23.55.70.7s, p
7-70 nmolcsf
PyridoxalPLB6 vitamer10505–150 nmol/L0.23.55.10.62s, p
10-50 nmol/Lcsf
4-Pyridoxic acidPAB6 vitamer672310–200 nmol/L0.53.65.80.58s, p
0-15 nmol/Lcsf
PyridoxinePNB6 vitamer1054 na nmol/L14.55.2nas, p
ThiamineThiB1 vitamer11302–50 nmol/L0.53.54.9s, p
5-40 nmol/Lcsf
Thiamine monophosphateTMPB1 vitamer11312–15 nmol/L0.57.111.6s, p
25-75 µmol/Lcsf
RiboflavinRiboB2 vitamer4935705–100 nmol/L0.267.10.79s, p
5-25 nmol/Lcsf
Flavin mononucleotideFMNB2 vitamer6439763–30 nmol/L0.45.78.10.69s, p
1-2 nmol/Lcsf
CystathionineCystaThioether439258<0.4 µmol/L0.023.44.50.63s, p
NeopterinNeoptPteridine44555-50 nmol/L0.75.36.60.6s, p
5-50 nmol/Lcsf
TryptophanTrpEssential aromatic amino acid630540-90 µmol/L43.13.90.51s, p
2-7 µmol/Lcsf
KynurenineKynTrp metabolite1611661.0-3.0 µmol/L0.0073.65.10.68s, p
0.02-0.12 µmol/Lcsf
Kynurenic acidKATrp metabolite384520-100 nmol/L0.44.45.40.68s, p
0.5-15 nmol/Lcsf
Quinaldic acidQldTrp (KA) metabolite71240.2-100 nmol/L0.56-76-8nas, p
0.1-10 nmol/Lcsf
Anthranilic acidAATrp metabolite2277-30 nmol/L27.49.50.64s, p
3-14 nmol/Lcsf
3-HydroxykynurenineHKTrp metabolite1181125-80 nmol/L23.24.50.62s, p
0.1-25 nmol/Lcsf
Xanthurenic acidXATrp metabolite56992-35 nmol/L0.54.85.70.58s, p
<0.5 nmol/Lcsf
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acidHAATrp metabolite8610-80 nmol/L24.660.54s, p
0-7 nmol/Lcsf
Picolinic acidPicTrp metabolite101820-100 nmol/L86-75-8nas, p
5-100 nmol/Lcsf
Quinolinic acidQATrp metabolite1066150-700 nmol/L1.67-87-10nas, p
10-150 nmol/Lcsf
Nicotinic acidNAB3 vitamer938<20 nmol/L1045.4nas, p
NicotinamideNAMB3 vitamer936100-600 nmol/L204.26.1nas, p
5-200 nmol/Lcsf
N1-methylnicotinamidemNAMB3 vitamer45720-250 nmol/L545.5nas, p
5-100 nmol/Lcsf
CotinineCotNicotine metabolite854019<3000 nmol/L134.20.92s, p, u
Trans-3'-hydroxycotinineOHCotNicotine metabolite107963<1500 nmol/L23.64.50.85s, p, u
TrigonellineTrigAlkaloid5570<25 µmol/L0.012.93.80.66s, p
Trimethylamine N-oxideTMAOAmine oxide11450.5-60 µmol/L0.14.26.9<0.38s, p, u
0.2-12 µmol/Lcsf
Imidazole propionateImPHistidine metabolite706303-500 nmol/L2s, p
3-Indoxyl sulfate3ISIndole, Trp metabolite102580.9-30 µmol/L0.2s, p
Indole-3-acetamideIAMIndole, Trp metabolite3970-10 nmol/L1s, p
Indole-3-acetateIAAIndole, Trp metabolite8020.3-23 µmol/L0.05s, p
Indole-3-aldehydeIAldIndole, Trp metabolite102560.01-0.20 µmol/L4s, p
Indole-3-lactateILAIndole, Trp metabolite929040.08-5 µmol/L0.025s, p
Indole-3-propionateIPAIndole, Trp metabolite37440.5-12 µmol/L0.04s, p

Folate species and catabolites.
LC-MS/MS: 60-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as nmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixMethod
5-Methyl-tetrahydrofolatemTHFFolate439234>7.50.075-94-5nas, p
5-Formyl-tetrahydrofolatefTHFFolate60060-20.528-96-11nas, p
Folic acidFAFolate60370-20.277-86-12nas, p
4-α-hydroxy-5-methyl-THFhmTHFOxidized folate0.26-106-7nas, p
Para-aminobenzoylglutamatepABGFolate catabolite1964730-0.50.086-93-10nas, p
AcetamidobenzoylglutamateapABGFolate catabolite30808680.1-10.135-65-9nas, p
Serum folate as pABG equivalentsS pABGFolate>7.5s, p
RBC folate as pABG equivalentsE pABGFolate>340e

Folate (B9) and cobalamin (B12).
Microbiological assay: 20-100 µL vol.

Move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixMethod
Serum folates-FolateB vitamin>7.5 nmol/L2450.56s, p
Erythrocyte folatee-FolateB vitamin>340 nmol/Le
Serum cobalamins-B12B vitamin>150 pmol/L30450.82s, p

Protein biomarkers and variants.
MALDI-TOF MS: 30-60 µL vol.

Move cursor over header for more information.

ProteinsAbbrCategoryUniProtProteoformsReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICC**MatrixMethod
C-reactive proteinCRPProteinP0274110-10 µg/mL0.14-57-90.5-0.7s, p
Serum amyloid A and proteoformsSAAProteinP0DJI8, P0DJI9180-20 µg/mL0.054-58-100.4-0.7s, p
Calprotectin and proteoformsS100AProteinP05109, P067026*0-30 µg/mL0.024-77-80.3-0.5s, p
Cystatin C and proteoformsCnCProteinP010345*0-8 µg/mL0.014-54-50.7s, p
Glycated hemoglobinHbA1cProteinP69905, F8W6P5na4-14 %na2-6nanaw

*Mass interference of S100A and CnC proteoforms; **ICCs of proteoforms can be found here.

Lipid-soluble vitamins and long-chain acylcarnitines.
LC-MS/MS:  50-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as µmol/L or nmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixMethod
All-trans retinolVit. AA vitamer4453541.46-2.84 µmol/L0.12.93.60.87s, p
25-hydroxy vitamin D225OH-D2D vitamer57101480-30 nmol/L56.68.1nas, p
25-hydroxy vitamin D325OH-D3D vitamer528373132.4-98.5 nmol/L3.35.16.10.71s, p
α-tocopherolaTocE vitamer1498518.9-38.8.0 µmol/L24.35.80.86s, p
γ-tocopherolgTocE vitamer927292-11 µmol/L0.13.75nas, p
PhylloquinoneVit. K1K vitamer52846070.1-8.7 nmol/L0.54.87.40.49s, p
MyristoylcarnitineC14Acylcarnitine64268540.01-0.1 µmol/Lnanana0.38s, p
PalmitoylcarnitineC16Acylcarnitine4610.05-0.25 µmol/Lnanana0.49s, p
StearoylcarnitineC18Acylcarnitine529220560.03-0.1 µmol/Lnanana0.40s, p
OleoylcarnitineC18:1Acylcarnitine469079330.04-0.2 µmol/Lnananas, p
LinoleylcarnitineC18:2Acylcarnitine64500150.01-0.1 µmol/Lnananas, p

This platform is under development.
Short-, medium- and long-chain acylcarnitines.
LC (HILIC)-MS/MS: 50-200 µL vol.

All concentrations are reported as µmol/L; move cursor over header for more information.

MetabolitesAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrix
ButyrobetaineBBQuarternary ammonium7250.4-20.2s, p
CarnitineC0Carnitine28820-800.5nps, p
AcetylcarnitineC2Acylcarnitine70457673-150.10.63s, p
PropionylcarnitineC3Acylcarnitine1077380.2-1.50.050.62s, p
ButyrylcarnitineC4Acylcarnitine2131440.1-0.50.012s, p
IsovalerylcarnitineiC5Acylcarnitine64268510.06-0.20.050.68s, p
HexanoylcarnitineC6Acylcarnitine64268530.01-1.20.01s, p
OctanoylcarnitineC8Acylcarnitine1237010.06-0.30.050.41s, p
DecanoylcarnitineC10Acylcarnitine102451900.2-10.02s, p
DodecanoylcarnitineC12Acylcarnitine168381< 0.40.02s, p
MyristoylcarnitineC14Acylcarnitine64268540.01-0.1nanana0.38s, p
PalmitoylcarnitineC16Acylcarnitine4610.05-0.25nanana0.49s, p
StearoylcarnitineC18Acylcarnitine529220560.03-0.1nanana0.40s, p
OleoylcarnitineC18:1Acylcarnitine469079330.04-0.2nananas, p
LinoleylcarnitineC18:2Acylcarnitine64500150.01-0.1nananas, p

All biomarkers sorted by platform

Move cursor over header for more information.

BiomarkersAbbrCategoryPubChemReportedLODCV WtnCV BtwICCMatrixPlatform
CitrateCitTricarboxylic acid31190-200 µmol/Ls, pA
IsocitrateiCitTricarboxylic acid11982-22 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
α-KetoglutarateaKGKeto acid512-40 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
FumarateFumDicarboxylic acid4449720.5-4 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
MalateMalβ-Hydroxy acid5252-21 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
PyruvatePyrα-Keto acid106080-160 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
LactateLacα-Hydroxy acid612500-1600 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
FormateFrmShort-chain fatty acid2848-100 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
AcetateAceShort-chain fatty acid175-17680-300 µmol/Ls, pA
PropionateProShort-chain fatty acid10421-13 µmol/Ls, pA
ButyrateButShort-chain fatty acid2641-30 µmol/Ls, pA
IsobutyrateiButShort-chain fatty acid65900.7-6 µmol/Ls, p, csfA
ValerateVlrShort-chain fatty acid79910.2-1 µmol/Ls, pA
IsovalerateiVlrShort-chain fatty acid104300.3-3 µmol/Ls, pA
α-MethylbutyrateaMBShort-chain fatty acid83140.3-3 µmol/Ls, pA
Methylmalonic acidMMACarboxylic acid487<0.26 µmol/L0.032.430.81s, p, uB
Total homocysteinetHcySulfur amino acid915525-15 µmol/L0.11.42.70.72s, p, uB
Total cysteinetCysSulfur amino acid5862150-350 µmol/L50120.62s, p, uB
MethionineMetEssential amino acid613718-50 µmol/L12.24.10.33s, p, uB
SerineSerPolar amino acid595195-125 µmol/L51.31.70.71s, p, uB
GlycineGlyHydrophobic amino acid750200-300 µmol/L31.31.70.81s, p, uB
CystathionineCystaThioether439258<0.4 µmol/L0.022.32.90.63s, p, uB
SarcosineSarcMethylated amino acid10880.7-2.3 µmol/L0.0351.31.60.68s, p, uB
HistidineHisEssential amino acid627450-100 µmol/L123nas, p, uB
TryptophanTrpEssential aromatic amino acid630540-90 µmol/L0.11.62.60.51s, p, uB
KynurenineKynTrp metabolite1611661.0-3.0 µmol/L0.121.92.30.68s, p, uB
OrnithineOrnCharged amino acid626230-90 µmol/L12.22.7s, p, uB
Aspartic acidAspCharged amino acid59600-26 µmol/L0.51.84s, p, uB
Glutamic acidGluCharged amino acid3303220-140 µmol/L0.51.72.7s, p, uB
LysineLysEssential amino acid5962120-290 µmol/L1.21.41.9s, p, uB
AlanineAlaHydrophobic amino acid5950230-510 µmol/L11.21.4s, p, uB
PhenylalaninePheEssential aromatic amino acid614026-85 µmol/L0.51.53s, p, uB
IsoleucineIleEssential BCAA630640-140 µmol/L0.51.51.8s, p, uB
LeucineLeuEssential BCAA610670-170 µmol/L0.53.44s, p, uB
ProlineProHydrophobic amino acid145742110-360 µmol/L0.52.83.7s, p, uB
ValineValEssential BCAA6287150-350 µmol/L0.52.22.7s, p, uB
AsparagineAsnPolar amino acid626720-130 µmol/L0.633s, p, uB
GlutamineGlnPolar amino acid5961390-700 µmol/L102.12.7s, p, uB
ThreonineThrEssential amino acid628870-240 µmol/L1.22.43.3s, p, uB
TyrosineTyrAromatic amino acid605740-110 µmol/L0.52.12.8s, p, uB
α-Hydroxyglutaric acidaHGAlfa hydroxy acid430.15-2 µmol/Ls, p, uB
3-Hydroxyisobutyrate3HIBVal metabolite44087315-25 µmol/L32.42.9s, p, uB
2-HydroxybutyrateaHBAlfa hydroxy acid1126610-60 µmol/L31.72.3s, pB
3-HydroxybutyratebHBKeton body44120-700 µmol/L31.93.4s, pB
AcetoacetateAcAcKeton body9610-200 µmol/L5s, pB
CarboxymethyllysineCMLan AGE1238000.05-0.3 µmol/L0.03s, pB
CarboxyethyllysineCELan AGE234007790.05-0.4 µmol/L0.03s, pB
2-Aminoadipic acid2AAALys metabolite4690.3-1.8 µmol/Ls, pB
β-AminoisobutyrateBAIBAVal metabolite649560.3-2.0 µmol/Ls, pB
Beta-alaninebAlaBeta amino acid2390.5-10 µmol/Ls, pB
3-HydroxykynurenineHK11811uB
Kynurenic acidKA3845uB
Anthranilic acidAA227uB
Xanthurenic acidXA5699uB
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acidHAA86uB
CholineCholQuarternary ammonium3055-15 µmol/L0.52.83.20.36s, p, uC
Choline, totaltCholCholine esters2-3 mmol/L0.5s, pC
Trimethylamine N-oxideTMAOAmine oxide11450.5-60 µmol/L0.144.1<0.38s, p, uC
BetaineBetMethylated amino acid24720-60 µmol/L0.53.84.50.65s, p, uC
DimethylglycineDMGMethylated amino acid6731.5–5 µmol/L0.255.55.90.64s, p, uC
Total homocysteinetHcyAmino acid915526-20 µmol/L0.1120.72s, p, uC
CreatineCrnAlpha amino acid58610-100 µmol/L13.94nas, p, uC
CreatinineCreatAlpha amino acid58850-100 µmol/L0.252.63.10.79s, p, uC
MethionineMetEssential amino acid613718-50 µmol/L14.14.50.33s, pC
Methionine sulfoxideMetSoPolar amino acid1589800.5-5 µmol/L0.067.17.90.36s, pC
CystathionineCystaThioether439258< 0.4 µmol/L0.0256-127-100.63s, pC
Total cysteinetCysSulfur amino acid5862150-400 µmol/L0.1260.56s, pC
HistidineHisEssential amino acid627450-100 µmol/L0.253.53.8nas, pC
3-Methylhistidine3-MHAmino acid921052.7-10 µmol/L0.64.44.9nas, p, uC
1-Methylhistidine1-MHAmino acid649690.5-15 µmol/L0.253.73.9nas, p, uC
CitrullineCtnAmino acid975010-60 µmol/L47-86-9nas, pC
OrnithineOrnCharged amino acid626230-90 µmol/L0.57-87-9nas, pC
ArginineArgCharged amino acid632240-100 µmol/L0.252.630.53s, pC
Asymmetric dimethylarginineADMAGuanidinated amino acid1238310.4-0.8 µmol/L0.085.25.50.53s, pC
Symmetric dimethylarginineSDMAGuanidinated amino acid1691480.4-0.9 µmol/L0.084.85.20.62s, pC
HomoargininehArgGuanidinated amino acid90851-6 µmol/L0.15.860.65s, pC
TrimethyllysineTMLMethylated amino acid4401210.3-2 µmol/L0.244.40.15s, pC
ButyrobetaineBBQuarternary ammonium7250.4-2 µmol/L0.2s, pC
CarnitineC0Carnitine28820-80 µmol/L0.50.69s, pC
Carnitine, totaltC0Carnitines30-90 µmol/L0.5s, pC
AcetylcarnitineC2Acylcarnitine70457673-15 µmol/L0.10.63s, pC
PropionylcarnitineC3Acylcarnitine1077380.2-1.5 µmol/L0.050.62s, pC
ButyrylcarnitineC4Acylcarnitine2131440.1-0.5 µmol/L0.012s, pC
IsovalerylcarnitineiC5Acylcarnitine64268510.06-0.2 µmol/L0.050.68s, pC
GlutarylcarnitineC5DCAcylcarnitine71464488< 0.05 µmol/L0.01s, pC
HexanoylcarnitineC6Acylcarnitine64268530.01-1.2 µmol/L0.01s, pC
OctanoylcarnitineC8Acylcarnitine1237010.06-0.3 µmol/L0.050.41s, pC
DecanoylcarnitineC10Acylcarnitine102451900.2-1 µmol/L0.02s, pC
DodecanoylcarnitineC12Acylcarnitine168381< 0.4 µmol/L0.02s, pC
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphatePLPB6 vitamer105115–150 nmol//L0.23.55.70.7s, pD
7-70 nmolcsfD
PyridoxalPLB6 vitamer10505–150 nmol/L0.23.55.10.62s, pD
10-50 nmol/LcsfD
4-Pyridoxic acidPAB6 vitamer672310–200 nmol/L0.53.65.80.58s, pD
0-15 nmol/LcsfD
PyridoxinePNB6 vitamer10540.054.55.2nas, pD
ThiamineThiB1 vitamer11302–50 nmol/L0.253.54.9s, pD
5-40 nmol/LcsfD
Thiamine monophosphateTMPB1 vitamer11312–15 nmol/L0.57.111.6s, pD
25-75 µmol/LcsfD
RiboflavinRiboB2 vitamer4935705–100 nmol/L0.267.10.79s, pD
5-25 nmol/LcsfD
Flavin mononucleotideFMNB2 vitamer6439763–30 nmol/L0.45.78.10.69s, pD
1-2 nmol/LcsfD
CystathionineCystaThioether439258<0.4 µmol/L0.023.44.50.63s, pD
NeopterinNeoptPteridine44555-50 nmol/L0.75.36.60.6s, pD
5-50 nmol/LcsfD
TryptophanTrpEssential aromatic amino acid630540-90 µmol/L43.13.90.51s, pD
2-7 µmol/LcsfD
KynurenineKynTrp metabolite1611661.0-3.0 µmol/L0.0073.65.10.68s, pD
0.02-0.12 µmol/LcsfD
Kynurenic acidKATrp metabolite384520-100 nmol/L0.44.45.40.68s, pD
0.5-15 nmol/LcsfD
Quinaldic acidQldTrp (KA) metabolite71240.2-100 nmol/L0.56-76-8nas, pD
0.1-10 nmol/LcsfD
Anthranilic acidAATrp metabolite2277-30 nmol/L0.77.49.50.64s, pD
3-14 nmol/LcsfD
3-HydroxykynurenineHKTrp metabolite1181125-80 nmol/L23.24.50.62s, pD
0.1-25 nmol/LcsfD
Xanthurenic acidXATrp metabolite56992-35 nmol/L0.54.85.70.58s, pD
<0.5 nmol/LcsfD
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acidHAATrp metabolite8610-80 nmol/L24.660.54s, pD
0-7 nmol/LcsfD
Cinnabarinic acidCBATrp (HAA) metabolite1149180.5nas, pD
csfD
Picolinic acidPicTrp metabolite101820-100 nmol/L86-75-8nas, pD
5-100 nmol/LcsfD
Quinolinic acidQATrp metabolite1066150-700 nmol/L1.67-87-10nas, pD
10-150 nmol/LcsfD
Nicotinic acidNAB3 vitamer938<20 nmol/L1045.4nas, pD
NicotinamideNAMB3 vitamer936100-600 nmol/L204.26.1nas, pD
5-200 nmol/LcsfD
N1-methylnicotinamidemNAMB3 vitamer45720-250 nmol/L545.5nas, pD
5-100 nmol/LcsfD
CotinineCotNicotine metabolite854019<3000 nmol/L134.20.92s, p, uD
Trans-3'-hydroxycotinineOHCotNicotine metabolite107963<1500 nmol/L23.64.50.85s, p, uD
TrigonellineTrigAlkaloid5570<25 µmol/L0.012.93.80.66s, pD
Trimethylamine N-oxideTMAOAmine oxide11450.5-60 µmol/L4.26.9<0.38s, p, uD
0.2-12 µmol/LcsfD
Imidazole propionateImPHistidine metabolite706303-500 nmol/L2s, pD
UrocanateUroHistidine metabolite0.1-0.6 µmol/Ls, pD
3-Indoxyl sulfate3ISIndole, Trp metabolite102580.9-30 µmol/L0.1s, pD
Indole-3-acetamideIAMIndole, Trp metabolite3970-10 nmol/L0.8s, pD
Indole-3-acetateIAAIndole, Trp metabolite8020.3-23 µmol/L0.05s, pD
Indole-3-acetaldehydeIAAldIndole, Trp metabolite800s, pD
Indole-3-aldehydeIAldIndole, Trp metabolite102560.01-0.20 µmol/L4s, pD
Indole-3-lactateILAIndole, Trp metabolite929040.08-5 µmol/L0.025s, pD
Indole-3-acrylateIAcAIndole, Trp metabolite5375048s, pD
Indole-3-propionateIPAIndole, Trp metabolite37440.5-12 µmol/L0.02s, pD
5-Methyl-tetrahydrofolatemTHFFolate439234>7.5 nmol/L0.075-94-5nas, pE
5-Formyl-tetrahydrofolatefTHFFolate60060-2 nmol/l0.528-96-11nas, pE
Folic acidFAFolate60370-2 nmol/L0.277-86-12nas, pE
4-Alfa-hydroxy-5-methyl-THFhmTHFOxidized folate0.26-106-7nas, pE
Para-aminobenzoylglutamatepABGFolate catabolite1964730-0.5 nmol/L0.086-93-10nas, pE
AcetamidobenzoylglutamateapABGFolate catabolite30808680.1-1 nmol/L0.135-65-10nas, pE
Serum folate as pABG equivalentsS pABGFolate>7.5 nmol/Ls, pE
RBC folate as pABG equivalentsE pABGFolate>340 nmol/LeE
Serum folates-FolateB-vitamin>7.5 nmol/L2450.56s, pF
Erythrocyte folatee-FolateB-vitamin>340 nmol/LeF
Serum cobalamins-B12B-vitamin>150 pmol/L30450.82s, pF
C-reactive proteinhsCRPProtein0-10 µg/ml0.063-63-70.54s, pG
Serum amyloid A and variantsSAAProtein0-20 µg/ml0.04nas, pG
Calprotectin and variantsCalpProtein0-30 µg/ml0.02nas, pG
Cystatin C and variantsCys-CProtein0-8 µg/ml0.013-95-8nas, pG
HbA1cHbA1cProtein4-14 %na5nanawG
All-trans retinolVit. AA vitamer4453541.46-2.84 µmol/L0.12.93.60.87s, pH
25-hydroxy vitamin D225OH-D2D vitamer57101480-30 nmol/L3.36.68.1nas, pH
25-hydroxy vitamin D325OH-D3D vitamer528373132.4-98.5 nmol/L3.35.16.10.71s, pH
alpha-tocopherolaTocE vitamer1498518.9-38.8.0 µmol/L24.35.80.86s, pH
gamma-tocopherolgTocE vitamer927292-11 µmol/L0.13.75nas, pH
PhylloquinoneVit. K1K vitamer52846070.1-8.7 nmol/L0.54.87.40.49s, pH
Menaquinone-4Vit. K2K vitamer5282367nanananaH
MyristoylcarnitineC14Acylcarnitine64268540.01-0.1 µmol/Lnanana0.38s, pH
PalmitoylcarnitineC16Acylcarnitine4610.05-0.25 µmol/Lnanana0.49s, pH
StearoylcarnitineC18Acylcarnitine529220560.03-0.1 µmol/Lnanana0.40s, pH
OleoylcarnitineC18:1Acylcarnitine469079330.04-0.2 µmol/Lnananas, pH
LinoleylcarnitineC18:2Acylcarnitine64500150.01-0.1 µmol/Lnananas, pH
TrimethyllysineTMLMethylated amino acid0.3-2 µmol/Ls, pI
ButyrobetaineBBQuarternary ammonium7250.4-2 µmol/L0.2s, pI
CarnitineC0Carnitine28820-80 µmol/L0.5s, pI
Carnitine, total**tC0Carnitines30-90 µmol/L0.5s, pI
AcetylcarnitineC2Acylcarnitine70457673-15 µmol/L0.1s, pI
PropionylcarnitineC3Acylcarnitine1077380.2-1.5 µmol/L0.05s, pI
MalonylcarnitineC3DCAcylcarnitine918256060.03-0.2 µmol/Ls, pI
ButyrylcarnitineC4Acylcarnitine2131440.1-0.5 µmol/L0.012s, pI
IsovalerylcarnitineiC5Acylcarnitine64268510.06-0.2 µmol/L0.05s, pI
GlutarylcarnitineC5DCAcylcarnitine71464488< 0.05 µmol/L0.01s, pI
HexanoylcarnitineC6Acylcarnitine64268530.01-1.2 µmol/L0.01s, pI
OctanoylcarnitineC8Acylcarnitine1237010.06-0.3 µmol/L0.05s, pI
DecanoylcarnitineC10Acylcarnitine102451900.2-1 µmol/L0.02s, pI
DodecanoylcarnitineC12Acylcarnitine168381< 0.4 µmol/L0.02s, pI
MyristoylcarnitineC14Acylcarnitine64268540.01-0.1 µmol/Lnananas, pI
PalmitoylcarnitineC16Acylcarnitine4610.05-0.25 µmol/Lnananas, pI
StearoylcarnitineC18Acylcarnitine529220560.03-0.1 µmol/Lnananas, pI
OleoylcarnitineC18:1Acylcarnitine469079330.04-0.2 µmol/Lnananas, pI
LinoleylcarnitineC18:2Acylcarnitine64500150.01-0.1 µmol/Lnananas, pI

July 7, 2022

This website uses cookies. By continuing to use this site, you accept our use of cookies.  Learn more

Scroll to Top