Cystathionine is a thioether and an intermediate metabolite of the transsulfuration pathway where homocysteine is converted to cysteine. Both the enzymes responsible for cystathionine formation (cystathionine beta-synthase) and degradation (cystathionine gamma-lyase) are dependent on vitamin B6 (pyridoxal 5′-phosphate).
Cystathionine increases moderately in conditions associated with elevated tHcy (folate and cobalamin deficiencies), markedly in patients with the inborn error, cystathioninuria/cystathionase deficiency, and decreases moderately after intake of vitamin B6 supplements.
Assessment of homocysteine and one-carbon status. Diagnosis of cystathioninuria/cystathionase deficiency. Cystathionine increases during B6-deficiency.
Patient/subject: Prandial status affects concentration, which increases up to 3-fold after a protein rich meal.
Matrix: Serum or EDTA plasma.
Volume: Volume: Minimum volume is 50 µL, but 200 µL is optimal and allows reanalysis.
Preparation and stability: Cystathionine is stable.
Reported values: 70-550 nmol/L.
Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC): 0.63.
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