Creatinine

creat

Performance of the assay

Creatinine measured by LC-MS/MS is about 10 % lower than values obtained with a creatinine iminohydrolase procedure. A linear regression (n=500) with values obtain by LC-MS/MS as dependent variable gives a B (SE) of 0.783 (0.015) and a constant (SE) of 8.58 (1.173).
The difference may be related to the higher specificity of and less interference for the LC-MS/MS method.

Indication(s)

A renal function test, providing an approximation of glomerular filtration.

Specimen, collection and processing

Patient/subject: Creatinine concentration is unaffected by most diets.
Matrix: Plasma and serum.
Volume: Minimum volume is 50 µL, but 200 µL is optimal and allows reanalysis.
Preparation and stability: The blood sample must be centrifuged and the plasma/serum fraction put on ice, and frozen. Creatinine is stable.

Transportation

Frozen, on dry ice. (for general instruction on transportation, click here)

Reported values, interpretation

Reported values: Men, 55-90 µmol/L; women, 45-80 µmol/L; children, (< 16 years), 25-65 µmol/L.
Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) :0.77.

Literature

1. Midttun, O., Kvalheim, G., and Ueland, P.M. (2013). High-throughput, low-volume, multianalyte quantification of plasma metabolites related to one-carbon metabolism using HPLC-MS/MS. Anal Bioanal Chem 405, 2009-017.

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